Leveraging cross-border cooperation: a durable solutions approach to the South Sudan displacement crisis

By Admin|January 1, 2023|Publications|0 comments

People in South Sudan have experienced decades of forced displacement and cross-border mobility, resulting in families split across the country and neighbouring Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda. As of 2021, more than four million South Sudanese citizens were displaced either internally or internationally. Over the past four years, over 500,000 refugees and over 1.1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) have returned to their habitual residence. This policy brief discusses long-standing

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Taking Stock: Recent & Upcoming Research

By Admin|September 1, 2022|Publications|0 comments

The Research and Evidence Facility (REF) was established in May 2016 to conduct research relevant to the formulation and implementation of EU Trust Fund activities in the Horn of Africa. It was created to collate and produce evidence and policy relevant knowledge on themes related to the Fund’s activities. Themes to be researched include the drivers of migration, dynamics of cross-border economies and centre/periphery relations, the features and limitations of

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Disability Inclusion of Refugees in Ethiopia and Recommendations for Future Practice

By Admin|August 1, 2022|Publications|0 comments

This policy brief presents the findings and recommendations from a study, on disability inclusion for refugees in Ethiopia. The study examines the experiences, protection needs, barriers to, and opportunities for providing protection for refugees living with disabilities in Ethiopia, and ways to institutionalise better practices of inclusion. Persons with disabilities are often programmatically ‘invisible’ in refugee assistance programmes due to a lack of data and a range of individual, institutional,

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COVID-19 and forced immobility in the Horn of Africa

By Admin|May 1, 2021|Publications|0 comments

Oliver Bakewell, Research & Evidence Facility Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic overlays a new form of disaster on the already complex array of chronic and periodic crises that beset the people of the Horn of Africa. It has had an immediate effect on human mobility across the world and the region. This paper will explore the nature of pandemic’s impact on mobility compared to the impact of other crises. Most other

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A state-incorporated business: the migration economy along the Ethiopia–Sudan border town of Metema

By Admin|December 1, 2020|Publications|0 comments

Kiya Gezahegne, Department of Social Anthropology, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia Abstract The pattern of migration from Ethiopia to Sudan, through the Metema border town, has proved complex and is expanding, making it difficult for government bodies to control and manage. Regardless of government efforts, every year substantial numbers of irregular migrants have been observed crossing the border into Sudan, some of them with the objective of going on to Europe.

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Information and communication technologies, mobility and migration in the Horn of Africa

By Admin|September 1, 2020|Publications|0 comments

This research brief presents the key findings and recommendations of an extensive literature review on how Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) affect intentions and behaviours related to mobility within the Horn of Africa (HoA). The report investigates: Digital inequalities in the HoA are prevalent and multifaceted. They relate to geographical location, gender, social class and other factors. Basic phone access and use is often integral to mobile livelihoods and to

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ODI blog: Why so many Sudanese are prepared to risk their lives to reach the UK

By Admin|August 27, 2020|Blogs|0 comments

Read the ODI blog from Margie Buchanan-Smith and Susanne Jaspars: ‘Why so many Sudanese are prepared to risk their lives to reach the UK’ The blog explores the REF and ODI research which documented the forced migration of young Sudanese feeling Sudan for Europe. The study focused on the plight of the Darfuris; who was leaving Sudan and why; what were their experiences after leaving their own country; and what happened

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COVID-19 and mobility, conflict and development in the Horn of Africa: REF briefing paper

By Admin|July 1, 2020|Publications|0 comments

Louisa Brain, Hassan Adow, Jama Musse Jama, Farah Manji, Michael Owiso, Fekadu Adugna Tufa, Mahad Wasuge The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared COVID‐19 a pandemic on 11 March 2020 and the first cases in the Horn of Africa (HoA) were confirmed later that month. However, even before the virus reached the region its wider effects were being felt (Lawler 2020). In June 2020 as the crisis expands, and Africa confirms

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