Examining the durable solutions capacities in Kismayo and Afgoye

By Admin|July 10, 2023|Publications|0 comments

Aweis Ahmed, Farhia Mohamud, Mahad Wasuge Internal displacement and refugee repatriation in Somalia are closely tied to the dynamics of climate change and environmental degradation, and in addition to a highly volatile security context. Somalia is currently experiencing severe drought caused by successive failures of the rains, resulting in the third food emergency in a decade. Looking at the ways people have responded to previous periods of acute food shortages,

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Closing the environment-migration gap in climate policy and programmes in Kenya

By Admin|May 1, 2023|Publications|0 comments

Hussein Abdullahi Mahmoud, Padmini Iyer, Louisa Brain, Maissoun Hussein This paper explores mobility and migration in the context of strategies of adaptation to dynamic environmental changes in Tana River County of coastal Kenya. The study has three objectives. First, it critically considers the extent to which migration represents a strategy for adapting to environmental change and ecological degradation. For example, for whom and under what circumstances does moving serve as

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Bridging the gap: environmental change, mobility and policy in Ethiopia’s Somali Region and Somaliland

By Admin|April 17, 2023|Publications|0 comments

Abdirahman Ahmed, Mohamed Fadal, Maissoun Hussein, Padmini Iyer, Louisa Brain Environment and mobility are closely linked in a myriad of complex and contextualised ways. Environmental change, in conjunction with a range of overlapping economic, political, social and demographic factors, influences migration patterns and preferences in the Horn of Africa (HoA). These phenomena – and the associated pressures on livelihoods, such as decreased availability of water and pasture for animals, deteriorating

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A Shadow of Fear: The Situation of IDPs and Returnees in Afgoye

By Admin|February 20, 2023|Blogs|0 comments

Farhia Mohamud Afgoye district is 30 kilometers from Mogadishu’s capital; Southwest state’s interim capital, Baidoa, is 196 kilometers away from Afgoye. This distance creates a void in establishing a durable solutions unit and implementing those plans in Afgoye because of the security concerns present in the town. Therefore, the burden of receiving IDPs and returnees fell on the shoulders of the host community due to the absence of institutional support

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What we know about climate and mobility in the Horn of Africa

By katymurray|December 30, 2022|Blogs|0 comments

Why is it important to consider climate in relation to mobility in the Horn of Africa? The Horn of Africa experiences extreme variations in climate, and uncertainty over climatic conditions. This manifests in erratic rainfall, high temperatures, prolonged droughts, increasing floods and intensifying land degradation. Political conflict, economic insecurity and weak governance have further compounded the negative effects of environmental change. The dryland areas of the Horn of Africa are

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Caught between a rock and a hard place: Conflict, displacement, and drought in Konso, Ethiopia

By Admin|October 21, 2022|Blogs|0 comments

This blog is related to an upcoming research study on conflict and displacement in two regional states in Ethiopia. “… Whether we stay in this camp or return to our village, it is all the same. All our assets have been burnt down and destroyed. Now, even if peace will be restored, we have nothing left to lead our household. There is no rain to cultivate. Even these people who

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Taking Stock: Recent & Upcoming Research

By Admin|September 1, 2022|Publications|0 comments

The Research and Evidence Facility (REF) was established in May 2016 to conduct research relevant to the formulation and implementation of EU Trust Fund activities in the Horn of Africa. It was created to collate and produce evidence and policy relevant knowledge on themes related to the Fund’s activities. Themes to be researched include the drivers of migration, dynamics of cross-border economies and centre/periphery relations, the features and limitations of

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Land, climate change and internal migration among the Wolayta youth of southwest Ethiopia

By Admin|November 1, 2021|Publications|0 comments

Bereket Tsegay In Ethiopia, internal migration of youth from rural to urban centres is a significant and growing phenomenon. Rapid urbanisation, greater investment in cities and the lack of opportunities in rural areas for farm and off-farm employment are some of the primary reasons behind the growing migration of young people from rural to urban areas. A range of issues related to rural poverty and lack of opportunities influences internal

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