Aweis Ahmed, Farhia Mohamud, Mahad Wasuge Internal displacement and refugee repatriation in Somalia are closely tied to the dynamics of climate change and environmental degradation, and in addition to a highly volatile security context. Somalia is currently experiencing severe drought caused by successive failures of the rains, resulting in the third food emergency in a decade. Looking at the ways people have responded to previous periods of acute food shortages,
Hussein Abdullahi Mahmoud, Padmini Iyer, Louisa Brain, Maissoun Hussein This paper explores mobility and migration in the context of strategies of adaptation to dynamic environmental changes in Tana River County of coastal Kenya. The study has three objectives. First, it critically considers the extent to which migration represents a strategy for adapting to environmental change and ecological degradation. For example, for whom and under what circumstances does moving serve as
Bridging the gap: environmental change, mobility and policy in Ethiopia’s Somali Region and Somaliland
Abdirahman Ahmed, Mohamed Fadal, Maissoun Hussein, Padmini Iyer, Louisa Brain Environment and mobility are closely linked in a myriad of complex and contextualised ways. Environmental change, in conjunction with a range of overlapping economic, political, social and demographic factors, influences migration patterns and preferences in the Horn of Africa (HoA). These phenomena – and the associated pressures on livelihoods, such as decreased availability of water and pasture for animals, deteriorating
Farhia Mohamud Afgoye district is 30 kilometers from Mogadishu’s capital; Southwest state’s interim capital, Baidoa, is 196 kilometers away from Afgoye. This distance creates a void in establishing a durable solutions unit and implementing those plans in Afgoye because of the security concerns present in the town. Therefore, the burden of receiving IDPs and returnees fell on the shoulders of the host community due to the absence of institutional support
Why is it important to consider climate in relation to mobility in the Horn of Africa? The Horn of Africa experiences extreme variations in climate, and uncertainty over climatic conditions. This manifests in erratic rainfall, high temperatures, prolonged droughts, increasing floods and intensifying land degradation. Political conflict, economic insecurity and weak governance have further compounded the negative effects of environmental change. The dryland areas of the Horn of Africa are
This blog is related to an upcoming research study on conflict and displacement in two regional states in Ethiopia. “… Whether we stay in this camp or return to our village, it is all the same. All our assets have been burnt down and destroyed. Now, even if peace will be restored, we have nothing left to lead our household. There is no rain to cultivate. Even these people who
The Research and Evidence Facility (REF) was established in May 2016 to conduct research relevant to the formulation and implementation of EU Trust Fund activities in the Horn of Africa. It was created to collate and produce evidence and policy relevant knowledge on themes related to the Fund’s activities. Themes to be researched include the drivers of migration, dynamics of cross-border economies and centre/periphery relations, the features and limitations of
REF conference 2022: towards greater inclusion and protection for migrants and forcibly displaced persons
In June 2022, the Research and Evidence Facility (REF) of the EU Trust Fund for Africa in the Horn of Africa convened its second international conference around the theme ‘Migrants and Forcibly Displaced Persons: Towards Greater Inclusion and Protection’.
Land, climate change and internal migration: Experiences of the young Wolayta of Southwestern Ethiopia
New research from Bereket Tsegay investigates how land fragmentation, climate change, and livelihood opportunities and aspirations influence young people’s migration from the Wolayta zone in Southern Ethiopia.
Bereket Tsegay In Ethiopia, internal migration of youth from rural to urban centres is a significant and growing phenomenon. Rapid urbanisation, greater investment in cities and the lack of opportunities in rural areas for farm and off-farm employment are some of the primary reasons behind the growing migration of young people from rural to urban areas. A range of issues related to rural poverty and lack of opportunities influences internal