People in South Sudan have experienced decades of forced displacement and cross-border mobility, resulting in families split across the country and neighbouring Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda. According to the United Nations as of 2021, more than four million South Sudanese citizens were displaced either internally or internationally. Samuel Hall in collaboration with Research and Evidence Facility (REF) explored the experiences of displacement, return, and reintegration among South Sudanese refugees,
A theoretically decentralized but internally centralized system: How Kismayo municipality deals with emergencies
Aweis Ahmed Somalia adopted a federal system in 2004, almost two decades ago, and its implementation started in 2013, almost a decade ago. I expected that the decentralization of power from the federal government to the regional states would pave the way for the decentralization of delivery services to local communities. However, during my fieldwork in Jubaland’s interim capital, Kismayo, I felt that a strict centralized structure exists within the
Farhia Mohamud Afgoye district is 30 kilometers from Mogadishu’s capital; Southwest state’s interim capital, Baidoa, is 196 kilometers away from Afgoye. This distance creates a void in establishing a durable solutions unit and implementing those plans in Afgoye because of the security concerns present in the town. Therefore, the burden of receiving IDPs and returnees fell on the shoulders of the host community due to the absence of institutional support
What are the individual, community and structural factors impacting displacement patterns in South Sudan?
“We have impoverished each other”: the depletion of resources for host communities and the dilemma of durable solution for the IDPs in the Konso Zone and the Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia
Ethiopia set a world record for internally displaced people (IDPs) two times (in 2018 and 2021) in three years. As of March 2022, an estimated 5,582,000 persons were displaced within the country due to armed conflicts and natural disasters. Konso Zone situated in Southern Nations Nationalities and peoples Region (SNNPRS) and Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State (BGRS) are among the regions badly affected by conflict and displacement. About one hundred thousand of
Why is it important to consider climate in relation to mobility in the Horn of Africa? The Horn of Africa experiences extreme variations in climate, and uncertainty over climatic conditions. This manifests in erratic rainfall, high temperatures, prolonged droughts, increasing floods and intensifying land degradation. Political conflict, economic insecurity and weak governance have further compounded the negative effects of environmental change. The dryland areas of the Horn of Africa are
What we know about conflict and mobility in the Horn of Africa, based on a decade of research.
Mobility has been a feature of life in the Horn of Africa for centuries. People have raised animals as part of their livelihoods, moving across the region, for much of recorded history. They’ve crisscrossed borders for business, to maintain relationships and to seek opportunities. How do we currently think about livelihoods and migration in the region? We tend to think of migration and mobility as different. They tend to involve
This blog is related to an upcoming research study on conflict and displacement in two regional states in Ethiopia. “… Whether we stay in this camp or return to our village, it is all the same. All our assets have been burnt down and destroyed. Now, even if peace will be restored, we have nothing left to lead our household. There is no rain to cultivate. Even these people who
South Sudan is experiencing different types of movements that are often labelled as ‘return’. Despite ongoing insecurity and a chronic shortage of essential services, it has been estimated that 505,511 refugees and 1,183,666 IDPs have returned to their areas of origin within the country since 2018. At the same time, with an estimated 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 2.2 million refugees registered in hosting countries, South Sudan remains