Inclusion of youth in conflict analysis for improved programming and policy responses to displacement in South Sudan

People in South Sudan have experienced decades of forced displacement and cross-border mobility, resulting in families split across the country and neighbouring Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda. As of 2021, more than 4 million South Sudanese citizens were displaced, either internally or abroad. Over the past four years, over 500,000 refugees and over 1.1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) have returned to their habitual residence.

The prominent role played by humanitarian and development actors in response to the crisis in South Sudan calls for the adoption of a conflict-sensitive approach to programming. This entails in-depth analysis, design and monitoring of the positive and negative impacts that humanitarian and development interventions might have on existing tensions in the country.

This policy brief discusses the fundamental principles of conflict analysis and how they can translate into practice. It highlights the need for a participatory, youth-sensitive conflict analysis. It also underlines primary areas of intervention for humanitarian and development actors to acknowledge when designing and implementing programmes targeted at South Sudanese refugees, IDPs, returnees and host communities.

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