Farmers and goats in Ethiopia

Migration and conflict in the Horn of Africa: a review of recent literature

Jessica Gregson

This paper builds on an earlier detailed review completed by the Research and Evidence Facility (REF) of the EU Trust Fund for Africa (Horn of Africa Window) in 2017. It provides an overview of new literature related to migration in the Horn of Africa published since that earlier review was released, that is, between 2017 and 2019 (REF, 2017a). It is a testament to the huge academic and policy interest in this area that there is more research than can be covered in the paper. It has been necessary to be selective and we have focused on high-quality studies that provide new and original insights.

The paper is arranged around three broad themes:

  • Theme 1: Stability, instability and migration;
  • Theme 2: Movement and mobility structures and patterns;
  • Theme 3: Changing policy and programmes.

The conclusion of the paper highlights some ongoing gaps in research and newly emerging issues that need further exploration.

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Image source: ©EU/ECHO/Anouk Delafortrie

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