Supported by the EU Trust Fund, the Research and Evidence Facility (REF) on migration in the Horn Of Africa has been created to collate and produce evidence and policy relevant knowledge.

We are conducting research on the drivers of migration, dynamics of cross-border economies and centre/periphery relations, the features and limitations of government migration management systems and social service provision, drivers of radicalism and violent extremism, and opportunities for strengthening resilience. The research is conducted by a consortium made up of SOAS as the lead partner, the University of Manchester and Sahan Research, based in Nairobi, Kenya.

The Horn of Africa (HoA) is a region with a long history of crises, including conflict, natural disasters, and mass displacement of people both within and across its borders. It is also one of the most diverse in term of cultures, ethnicities, and religions of the African continent. The region’s complexities, combined with a rapidly expanding and increasingly youthful population, are producing progressively more acute challenges to international peace and security.

Latest news, research and commentary

Extreme risk: moving because of, or in spite of danger?

New open access research on extreme risk and decision-making among migrants in the Horn of Africa.

New working paper: Metema’s migration economy

Exploring how some members of the state, and brokers, are involved in the business of migrant mobility.

A Full Circle: Refugee returns between Kenya and Somalia

Kenya and Somalia present an interesting and often delicate case study of circular refugee movements. Spurred by limited data and analysis, circular refugee returns between the neighbouring countries became the focus of our rapid review

A new perspective of rural-urban livelihoods in the face of environmental change

Our latest paper explores the relationship between environmental change and the way people move and adapt their livelihoods.

The Conversation: Ethnic violence in Tigray has echoes of Ethiopia’s tragic past

Laura writes about the current situation in Tigray and the border town of Humera where she studied for her PhD.

Mobile people’s mobile phones – how do information and communication technologies (ICTs) affect mobility and migration in the Horn of Africa?

Our latest report explores how this increased access and use of ICTs affects people’s aspirations, decisions, needs and capabilities to move.

Watch: our approach to migration research

Subscribe for REF Migration e-news

* indicates required

This project is funded by European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. 

The contents of this website are the sole responsibility of Research & Evidence Facility and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.