Supported by the EU Trust Fund, the Research and Evidence Facility (REF) on migration in the Horn Of Africa has been created to collate and produce evidence and policy relevant knowledge.

We are conducting research on the drivers of migration, dynamics of cross-border economies and centre/periphery relations, the features and limitations of government migration management systems and social service provision, drivers of radicalism and violent extremism, and opportunities for strengthening resilience. The research is conducted by a consortium made up of SOAS as the lead partner, the University of Manchester and Sahan Research, based in Nairobi, Kenya.

The Horn of Africa (HoA) is a region with a long history of crises, including conflict, natural disasters, and mass displacement of people both within and across its borders. It is also one of the most diverse in term of cultures, ethnicities, and religions of the African continent. The region’s complexities, combined with a rapidly expanding and increasingly youthful population, are producing progressively more acute challenges to international peace and security.

Latest news, research and commentary

REF and Samuel Hall to launch major study on return and reintegration in South Sudan

What are the individual, community and structural factors impacting displacement patterns in South Sudan?

“We have impoverished each other”: the depletion of resources for  host communities and the dilemma of durable solution for the IDPs in the Konso Zone and the Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia

Ethiopia set a world record for internally displaced people (IDPs) two times (in 2018 and 2021) in three years. As of March 2022, an estimated 5,582,000 persons were displaced within the country due to armed conflicts and natural disasters. Konso Zone situated in Southern Nations Nationalities and peoples Region (SNNPRS) and Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State (BGRS) are among the regions badly affected by conflict and displacement. About one hundred thousand of

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Caught between a rock and a hard place: Conflict, displacement, and drought in Konso, Ethiopia

This blog is related to an upcoming research study on conflict and displacement in two regional states in Ethiopia. “… Whether we stay in this camp or return to our village, it is all the same. All our assets have been burnt down and destroyed. Now, even if peace will be restored, we have nothing left to lead our household. There is no rain to cultivate. Even these people who

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Who are the ‘returnees’ in South Sudan?

South Sudan is experiencing different types of movements that are often labelled as ‘return’. Despite ongoing insecurity and a chronic shortage of essential services, it has been estimated that 505,511 refugees[1] and 1,183,666 IDPs have returned to their areas of origin within the country since 2018.[2] At the same time, with an estimated 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 2.2 million refugees registered in hosting countries, South Sudan remains

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The “Maid Trade” – The case of women migrants from Uganda to the Gulf Countries.

This blog is related to an upcoming report by the Research and Evidence Facility on women’s labour migration to the Gulf Countries. The full report will be available in September 2022. I am a single mother of three children trying to fend for myself, the children and build a house. I went to Oman in 2014 through an agent who processed everything for me. I boarded a bus with four

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Closing the environment-migration gap in climate policy and programmes in the Horn of Africa

This blog series is related to the REF’s ongoing study on climate change and migration in the Horn of Africa. This research study is being carried out in Ethiopia (Somali Region), Kenya (Tana River County) and Somaliland (Togdheer and Maroodijeex regions). The study investigates how people use migration as a strategy for adapting to environmental change and how people’s circumstances and profiles influence their migration decisions. The study also explores

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Watch: our approach to migration research

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This project is funded by European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. 

The contents of this website are the sole responsibility of Research & Evidence Facility and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.