Food, Myself, and Refugees

By 643577|November 13, 2017|Migration, Uncategorized|5 comments

Photo credit: Paolo Novak

This post is written by Paolo Novak. Paolo is conducting research on asylum seekers’ reception in Italy, funded by the British Academy/Leverhume Small Grant SG162483.

I love food, as all those who know me, or perhaps just see me, can confirm. I love the full spectrum sensorial satisfaction it provides, and the social life that defines each plate and accompanies its consumption. It is perhaps not surprising, then, that food has always been an important part of my research.

My study of protection and assistance activities in support of Afghan refugees in Pakistan had food distributions in refugee camps as one of its central concerns. One question animated that line of research: who gets what and why? While all registered Afghans were entitled to a certain amount of food provisions, not all would equally receive rations, for a variety of reasons that could be linked to changing geopolitical agendas, tribal and patriarchal norms, NGO ‘best practices’, embezzlement, situated contingencies, etc.

Through that study, I engaged with debates about place-making, empire and imperialism, as well as Derridian understandings of ‘social excess’ and their relation to the constitutive irresolution of law.

Food equally haunted me during the bout of field research that I have completed this summer as part of my ongoing project entitled ‘Asylum seekers’ reception: taxonomies and location’. Emerging strongly as a key concern of the asylum seekers I was talking to in Italy, food soon became a crucial site of investigation that allowed me to capture the essence of the reception system set up by the Italian government.

Food is an important site of regulation and enforcement in the Italian reception system as in all humanitarian situations. The Prefettura (decentralised office of the Italian Ministry of Interior) clearly details the diet that each asylum seeker should be provided. In the bando (public tender) that regulates the activities of NGO contractors, it is stated that for breakfast, “one hot drink, some crackers, butter, jam, or some biscuits”, should be served. For lunch and dinner, each asylum seeker should receive “a first serving of about 100 to 150gr depending on the type of sauce it is served with, of pasta, rice, or couscous. Alternatively, 80gr. of pasta and 100gr. of legumes, semolina or rice. Pizza is also allowed”. This should be followed by “a second serving of red meat (150gr), white meat (200gr, or 250gr if it has bones), 200gr of fish, two eggs, or 100gr of cheese; accompanied by a side of vegetables (300gr) and followed by fruit (150gr, or one fruit like banana apple, pear, orange, etc.) or alternatively yoghurt, or, twice a week a single portion dessert. Two pieces of bread (60gr each) and 1lt. of water” should accompany the meal, and “spices should be made available, even in single dose packages”. Forget Paleo and Dukan! The Mediterranean diet is still the best – at least according to the Italian government.

This dietary advice is seldom followed, and I met many asylum seekers who wanted me, as a researcher, to take note of what they felt was very poor food. It certainly did not look enticing and I certainly did take note. Indeed, the significance of food for understanding the way in which migrants intercepted at sea by FRONTEX (European Border and Coast Guard Agency) Search and Rescue operations and warehoused in reception centres like those that I visited this summer, goes well beyond policy questions such as who has responsibility for food provisions, what is the best way to deliver the necessary caloric intake and provide a balanced diet to those in need, what lessons can be learned, and what can be done to improve the current provision system.

As I suggest in The Conversation, food is a foundational kernel in the configuration of the reception system for asylum seekers in Italy. It is subject to contestations, refusals and reappropriations. It is a source of income for the many hotels, restaurant and catering companies that are contracted to deliver that service, despite the Italian public’s perception that monies spent on asylum seekers’ reception go directly into the pockets of migrants. It has, perhaps more fundamentally, become a marker of a pure ‘national identity’ into which migrants should assimilate.

During the summer, I often found myself buying food for people hosted in these centres. I bought fruit, as the vitamin intake from most people’s diet seemed appalling to me. I bought some meat for Eid-ul-Adha. I would often accompany migrants by car to local discount stores so that they could buy some food staples. Given the remote locations in which many of these centres are placed, the 10-25 minute car journey to these supermarkets would save them a bus fare of 1.60-5.50 € (depending on the location), a risky walk to the bus stop along roads not meant for pedestrians, and a long wait for the scant public transport available, let alone the racist abuse occasionally encountered along the way.

For sure, policy interventions such as providing food cash allowances, allowing asylum seekers to cook for themselves, or to manage reception centres’ kitchens some days a week, could decisively ameliorate the conditions of their stay, and would restore a degree of agency to them. Indeed, a few NGOs proactively engage with asylum seekers’ demands in this respect. The more significant point, however, is that while asylum seekers are asked to integrate into Italian society by eating pasta, the socio-spatial distance that separates them from most Italians living nearby seems very difficult to reduce, other than through radical transformations.

Share this Post:


  1. Find Love Online With you can also use Dating

    Many men are intimidated by approaching a gorgeous woman and asking for a date. A shy man might find that it is impossible to do this. There are many online language resources that advertise a variety of breathtaking women for marriage. These girls would like a better life and a caring husband. several the brides that you find through Foreign dating agency has old fashioned values and is content to asia friend finder review stay at home and take of their husband. Not every mail order bride will choose the conventional route. Some need to work outside the home or want to start their own business.

    There are all kinds of foreign girls that are looking for healthy, Stable marriage. According to the western world Citizenship and Immigration Services, Mail order marriages have a divorce rate that less than the nation’s average. The statistics for mail order marriages are the same statistics for other arranged marriages, Which have a high rate of success. Men can find a foreign bride through a reputable Mail Order Bride Agency.

    most suitable agencies require a membership fee. Some firms free of cost membership services for the first month. After he becomes a member, A man can set up an individual profile and begin reading women full profiles and viewing their photos. When they find a woman they want to they can begin getting to know them through letters and phone calls.

    Girls For married

    Once a man decides that he has met his perfect diamond necklace, He then needs to make plans to meet his bride directly, So the immigration law process can be completed. Men who wish to meet potential brides in person before they agree to marriage can travel to other countries and participate in group tours where they are able to meet different girls who want to marry.

    A man purchasing fabulous wife to love and care for may end up finding the perfect girl to marry, But he will also have to pay a variety of different expenses, contain travel fees. besides, Men that interact a service needs to be ready to supply all of their history.

    A man should be prepared to provide information about previous marriages and any police arrest records to the immigration officials and the International Dating service. These mail order brides seek love and a new home, Not so that they are house maids. Any reputable Mail Order Bride Agency will insist that men provide history to ensure the safety of the girls they represent.

  2. Season Three Premiere of Morgan Spurlock Inside Man Takes Inside Look At the potency of Robots On Thursday

    , january. 22Eight Episode Season takes into account Spurlock’s Take on Trash, Bitcoins, Modern Dating and Medical vacation

    Popular CNN original Series Morgan Spurlock Inside Man, Hosted and made by the Oscar nominated documentary filmmaker, Moves to thurs nights in its third season on CNN, Beginning January 22 at 9pm ET with an inside look at the mystery of robots and artificial learning ability.

    in her inimitable, inquisitive style, And with a love of life intact, Spurlock tells compelling stories from an insider’s perspective as he tackles topics that is included in America’s trash epidemic, the destiny of zoos, residing on bitcoin, Dating in the states, And medical tourism or traveling globally to get the best medical care.

    The world Documentary Association award winning program averaged 429,000 total followers and 228,000 Adults 25 54 for elite episodes in season two, And drawn the youngest audience (typical age of 47 years) Across cable news in its phrase. the guests also grew from its season one average by 16% in P25 54 (197k).

    Below are sorts of Morgan Spurlock Inside Man season three episodes (Airdates are foreclosures change):

    MorganBot (jan 22) In the growing season three premiere, Morgan attempts to harness the power of robots and artificial intelligence in order to stay in control of his busy life. Spurlock travels from Japan to California to explore techniques of a fascinating and potentially frightening world in which robots zoosk dating site reviews make autonomous decisions, Allow visitors to be in two places at once, And serve as virtual helpers in a work place.

    squad Med (jan 29) America’s exploding medical treatment costs, System complexity, And inefficiencies lead Spurlock to an investigation of the burgeoning business of overseas travel for medical therapy. He takes his shoulder injury from a the big apple doctor to Bumrungrad Hospital in Bangkok, Thailand hunting for a better alternative.

    Morgan have a look at, Morgan go about doing (feb 5) Spurlock explores our nation’s zoos from either side of the glass, To get an insiders prospective on the future of these attractions. He joins the employees at the Detroit Zoo, Examines the educational benefits provided to the visitors, takes part in the compassionate care of the animals, But also looks at the future effects of keeping them in these restrictive environments.

    Morgan these Matchmaker (feb 12) In a quest to know how people find love in the 21st century, Spurlock tries his hand as a matchmaker and reports on the many online dating sites and apps at our disposal, integrating Three Day Rule, o. k Cupid, combined with Grindr. But do these modern tools actually make it easier to find love?

    Morgan Makes ‘Cents’ using Bitcoin (feb 19) Morgan lives off of nothing but the e currency Bitcoin for a week determine whether the world is ready for a new kind of money. With all of the misinformation and misconception surrounding bitcoin, Spurlock is determined to grasp the pros and cons of the peer to peer digital currency and what its effect might be on the global economy.

    the united states of Trash (february. 26) Morgan follows his very own trash to see whatthrowing something’away’ really means. Spurlock gives viewers an inside look into the waste management industry, From the nuances of garbage collection with the New York City Department of Sanitation, The trek from local trash to landfills, And the trip taken by his or her own e waste.

    darling, Bee ware (marly 5) Spurlock gets to the heart of the mysterious disappearance of the honey bees by becoming a commercial beekeeper in order to research the causes and devastating effects on our entire food system. Morgan also uncovers a web of external honey laundering schemes that have him questioning if we really know where our honey comes from?

    Ranger Spurlock (marly 12) Spurlock gets back to nature as a offer park ranger in Alaska, And is joined by his young son Laken in an immersive look at the viability of America’s national parks in the 21st Century industry by storm a changing world.

    An acclaimed documented filmmaker, Spurlock came to abroad prominence in 2004 with his Oscar nominated film Super Size Me. He made his first foray into the media as executive producer of the FX series 30 Days (2005 2008). from 2013, He served as director of the 3 D concert film for the mega hit band One steerage, And earlier as executive producer of the documentary series A Day in the Life on Hulu, because films, Comic Con show IV: A Fan’s faith, The dotted Line on ESPN and Mansome on Yahoo!

    Warrior Poets is a New York based generation company founded in 2004 by Academy Award nominated filmmaker Morgan Spurlock. Since its addition, He and producing partners Jeremy Chilnick and Matthew Galkin have produced multiple award winning films and tv programs. Films includeOne direction: that’s Us, POM fantasti c Presents: finest Movie Ever Sold, comedian Con: episode IV A Fan’s Hope, Mansome, Where on the planet is Osama bin Laden, in addition,yet Freakonomics. Digital projects include Hulu’s A Day in lifespan, Yahoo’s Mansome, problems Club, And throwing away It with John Stamos, And Sky ocean HD’s Morgan Spurlock’s New Britannia.

    CNN Worldwide is a portfolio of two dozen news and information services across cable, satellite tv for pc, radio, Wireless devices and the ‘net in more than 200 countries and territories worldwide. CNN is division of Turner transmissions System, corporation, A Time Warner modest.

    supply: The Nielsen service provider, bright light 10p 11p, Season 1 Average = 6/23/13 8/25/13 excluding 7/7/13 and 8/4/13, Live+7 data flow.

  3. outline on someprimetime

    Moderators within /r/LifeProTips consider unique circumstance to promote and consequently direct visitors a niche site the businesses purchased. I authorized the internet domain for this website around the same time once again. the subreddit (over 2010 ages up to now this situation evolved into a fall past due sub-contract).

    I was able working in the exact location being a sides property that need be additional for any subreddit, where you could contribution guide (you should not taken), and browse details to sort (Something reddit genuinely unbelievably by using a exuberance course hack).

    i’m happy to report the particular subreddit set about maturing organically. likely in view that i did before manage practically all ways possess being downloaded and i also had quite a superb grained suppression over it (and also didn carry as numerous moderators).

    each time reddit decided so that it will a fall behind sandwich, in place wasn a great deal of choice in charmlive fake our own breakdown and it happened almost instantly. known as, sturdiness needed to in order to very easily thin down. I unveiled the blog, even so through clearly resulted in the site traffic i’m hoping for if you want to preserve town.

    I ever been assembling companies for an extended time of which this is of a outside assignment as opposed anything to me. I sure don in order to decent a living to live a life off for this, but then we would like the site you should be personal environmentally safe. you’ll find selling price that procede with going into running a website such as:

    root security (Github)my time

    the next occasion most test and start a lynch mob for just about any subreddit, glance at the sidebar as well ad any of the moderators. we tend to greater than happy to retort, which can react questions.

  4. The foodie I am myself I can relate to your insights about food distribution practices specially in the context of eating habits. Linking it with philanthropy or charity work that goes in Pakistan specially during the month of Ramzan, I have wondered that people on the giving side opt for an easy solution based on the non-healthy dietary preferences of the people.
    I am amazed to learn about the Italian reception system for humanitarian work and would be taking out time to research on cost estimates for this kind of food support system to be introduced for orphanages and child protection bureaus working in Pakistan to gradually introduce.

  5. The foodie I am myself I can relate to your insights about food distribution practices specially in the context of eating habits. Linking it with philanthropy or charity work that goes in Pakistan specially during the month of Ramzan, I have wondered that people on the giving side opt for an easy solution based on the non-healthy dietary preferences of the people.
    I am amazed to learn about the Italian reception system for humanitarian work and would be taking out time to research on cost estimates for this kind of food support system to be introduced for orphanages and child protection bureaus working in Pakistan to gradually introduce.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>